Functional and Spatial Analysis of Small Finds from Roman Military Sites
The Sites Included in the Study
The sites included in this study are mostly, at this point, forts (as used in a Roman military studies context). They are all located
in northern Britain. These forts belong to the various conquest and frontier systems the Romans set up in the area; such as during
Agricolan conquest, the Flavian frontier, the Trajanic Frontier, the Hadrianic Frontier, the Antonine Wall, etc. Some
of these forts were occupied for almost the whole Roman period in Britain. Others were only occupied for a short time.
The sites were chosen by various criteria. The site had to have been excavated within the last 100 or so years and
the results of that excavation(s) had to have been published. There are some exceptions; one or two sites have reports which were not published, but which were
available to the author through academic contacts. Others have had early excavations reported in full in later publications. Unfortunately,
sites excavated when the discipline of archaeology was young, for example, Chesters, were not included (although the author is still trying!)
because artefact analysis has not been done on the artefacts (especially the ceramics) which were found during those excavations.
An attempt was made to include a selection of sites from the various Northern British frontiers. Sites far behind Hadrian's Wall have not been
included yet. A few will be added in the near future, as the study expands in scope.
Frontier System Maps
Maps of the frontier systems and
occupation periods in Northern Roman Britain are included below. These maps provide geographic context about each frontier system and its associated
military sites. In order to learn more about the history of those frontier systems, consult the references given in the sidebar to the right.